I. BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
II. STUDY SCOPE
III. METHODOLOGY AND PROCESSING
IV. DATA ACCESS
VI. COUNTRY-SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION
INTEGRATED DATASET (ZA4800)
CZECH REPUBLIC (ZA4770)
GREAT BRITAIN (ZA4752)
MACEDONIA, REPUBLIC OF (ZA4792)
MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF (ZA4793)
MONTENEGRO, REPUBLIC OF (ZA4794)
NORTHERN CYPRUS (ZA4788)
NORTHERN IRELAND (ZA4764)
RUSSIAN FEDERATION (ZA4777)
SLOVAK REPUBLIC (ZA4771)
|KOSOVO - POLITICAL PARTIES|
Please give a short description of each political party in the data set.
1. Democratic Party of Kosovo
2. Democratic League of Kosovo
3. Alliance for New Kosovo
4. Democratic League of Dardania
5. Alliance for the Future of Kosovo
6. Reformist Party ORA
Democratic Party of Kosovo (Albanian: Partia Demokratike e Kosovës - short PDK)
This is the largest political party in Kosovo. It is a Social Democratic party and the main leftist party in Kosovo. It is headed by Hashim Thaçi, the political leader of the former Kosovo Liberation Armya and the Prime Minister of Kosovo. The first post-war Prime Minister of Kosovo, Bajram Rexhepi, belongs to the Democratic Party of Kosovo. The party stands for an independent, free and democratic Kosovo and like all other ethnic-Albanian political parties. The party was founded on May 14, 1999 from the political wing of the Kosovo Liberation Army as the Party for the Democratic Progress of Kosovo (PPDK), but was renamed in May 21, 2000 on the party's constituent conference due to a controversy over the Albanian word for progress, which was said to lack Albanian origins. In the 2004 legislative elections, the party won 28.9 % of the popular vote and 30 out of 120 seats in the Assembly of Kosovo. Parliamentary elections were held on 17 November 2007. After early results, Hashim Thaçi who was on course to gain 35 per cent of the vote, claimed victory for PDK, the Democratic Party of Kosovo, and stated his intention to declare independence. Thaçi formed a coalition with current President Fatmir Sejdiu's Democratic League which was in second place with 22 percent of the vote. The turnout at the election was particularly low with most Serbs refusing to vote. Main issues of the party are social - unemployment, better working conditions, especially in school and health system, Merdare - Albanian border main road construction and North Mitrovica problem.
Democratic League of Kosovo (Albanian: Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës, LDK)
This is the second largest political party in Kosovo. It is a conservative and liberal conservative party; the main right-wing party in Kosovo. At the legislative elections held on 24 October 2004 the party won 45.4% of the popular vote or 47 out of 120 seats (seven of which have now defected to the Nexhat Daci-led Democratic League of Dardania). One of the founding members, Ibrahim Rugova was president of the party, as well as President of Kosovo, until his death on 21 January 2006. At the last legislative elections held on 17 November 2007, the party won only 22.6% and 25 seats but went on to form a Coalition government with Hashim Thaçi's Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK). The current President of Kosovo, Fatmir Sejdiu, and the former Chair of Assembly of Kosovo, Kolë Berisha, are members of the Democratic League of Kosovo. The party is presided by a president and five vice-presidents. The current president of the party is Fatmir Sejdiu.
New Kosovo Alliance
The party was founded on March 17, 2006, by Behgjet Pacolli, owner of Mabetex. Until the 17th November, 2007, New Kosovo Alliance had not taken part in any elections, however, due to the successful business background of its founder Behgjet Pacolli the party enjoyed significant support in Kosovo with the April 2007 survey of BBSS Gallup International/Index Kosovo suggesting that AKR was the fourth largest political party in Kosovo with 8% support amongst those surveyed. The survey showed AKR lagging behind LDK (26%), PDK (17%), and AAK (9%). These poll ratings were reflected at the first legislative elections since it had been founded held on 17 November 2007, the party won 12,3% of the vote and 13 seats making it the Third biggest party in Kosovo and the largest official opposition party to the coalition government of the Democratic Party of Kosovo and the Democratic League of Kosovo, Led by Hashim Thaçi. The most important issues of the party are economy development and unemployment.
Democratic League of Dardania (Albanian: Lidhja Demokratike e Dardanisë)
This is a newly-founded political party in Kosovo. The Democratic League of Dardania was established in January 2007 by the former Speaker of the Assembly of Kosovo Nexhat Daci following his unsuccessful bid to become leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo. It is a Conservative and Liberal Conservative party and the 2nd largest Right-wing party in Kosovo. The leader of the Democratic League of Dardania is Nexhat Daci, the deputy leaders are Besa Gaxherri, Adem Salihaj, Xhemajl Hyseni and Berim Ramosaj, whereas the Secretary General is Lulëzim Zeneli. The Democratic League has seven seats in the Assembly of Kosovo following their defection from the Democratic League of Kosovo. The party was initially named the Democratic League, but later Dardania, the ancient name for Kosovo, was added to avoid confusion with the Democratic League of Kosovo.
Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (Albanian: Aleanca për Ardhmërinë e Kosovës, AAK)
It is a political party in Kosovo. It was formed on 29 April 2001. The current president of the party is Ramush Haradinaj, former commander of Kosovo Liberation Army (OVK), indicted for war crimes by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), at The Hague. He was acquitted on 3 April 2008, because of lack of convincing evidence. In December 2004 the parliament elected him as Prime Minister of Kosovo and he formed a coalition government with the largest party, the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). He resigned as Prime Minister in March 2005 after learning that he had been indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, for 37 counts of war crimes. He received a full acquittal from the Tribunal on 3 April 2008. He returned to Kosovo and immediately resumed his duties as president of the party. At the last legislative elections held on 17 November 2007, the alliance won 9.6 % of the popular vote and 10 out of 120 seats in the Assembly of Kosovo, which made it the fifth largest political force. This was a gain on the previous two legislative elections in 2001 and 2004 in which the AAK won 7.8% and 8.4% of the popular vote, respectively. The AAK's ten current members of parliament are: Ardian Gjini, who is the leader of the parliamentary caucus, Ahmet Isufi, Bajram Kosumi, Gjylnaze Syla, Ibrahim Selmanaj, Rasim Selmanaj, Donika Kadaj, Ethem Ceku, Zylfije Hundozi and Naim Maloku. Mr. Maloku also serves as the AAK's member of the Assembly Presidency. AAK is located slightly to the right on the political spectrum. The party flag is red, black and white. White represents peace; red and black are the national colors of the 90% Albanian majority of Kosovo. The choice of the party's name, Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK) is explained in Ramush Haradinaj's second book. Whereas previous Kosovo party acronyms began with consonants, a vowel was chosen for AAK because it seems less harsh and more open. The word "future" was chosen to mark a break with the old communist tendency to reflect backwards upon one's history. Finally, "alliance" was chosen because of its association with the NATO alliance which is much revered in Kosovo for its intervention in the Kosovo War of 1999, and also because of it evokes the idea of working together to achieve one's aims.
Reformist Party ORA (Albanian: Partia Reformiste ORA)
This is a social-democratic centre-left political party in Kosovo. The party stands for an independent, free and democratic Kosovo. The party is normally referred to as ORA, which in Albanian means the Hour. ORA was founded as Civil List ORA (Albanian: Lista Qytetare ORA) in the summer of 2004. During the legislative elections on 24 October 2004, the party won 6.2 per cent of the popular vote and 7 out of 120 seats in the Assembly of Kosovo and formed together with the Democratic Party of Kosovo, a strong opposition. However, in the election held in November 2007, it failed to pass the census (currently at 5%), netting only about 4,7% of votes. That led to them gaining the title of a non-parliamentary party. The following were members of Kosovo Albanian parliament from ORA: Nazmi Jashari, Teuta Sahatqija, Gazmend Muhaxheri, Genc Gorani, Fatmire Mullhaxha Kollcaku, Ylber Hysa and Veton Surroi. Surroi was a member of the 'Kosovo Unity Team', a five member team of the most senior negotiators that represents the people of Kosovo in the talks for the final status of Kosovo. Currently the leader of the party is Teuta Sahatqija, who took over on 2 March 2008. Main issues are economic recovery, successful privatization, health and educational system.
Justice Party (Albanian: Partia e Drejtësisë)
It is a political party in the self declared, semi-recognised, defacto independent, Republic of Kosovo. At the last legislative elections, 24 October 2004, the party won 1.0% of the popular vote and 1 out of 120 seats. It is a centre-right, Conservative-oriented, party. The Justice Party like all other Kosovo Albanian supports an Independent, free, and democratic Kosovo, and does not participate in any election or referendum organised by the Serbian government. The president of the party is Dr Ferid Agani. The party emphasizes religious themes and their work is strongly determined by the religion. That's why we can say they are radical.
Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo
At the last legislative elections, 24 October 2004, the party won 1.2% of the popular vote and 3 out of 120 seats. The president is Mahir Yagxhilar. The main goal is struggle for the better life of Turkish minority in Kosovo. The party is socio-democratic.
Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo
At the legislative elections held on 24 October 2004, the party won 0.4 % of the popular vote and 1 out of 120 seats. They are social democratic oriented. The president is Sabit Rramani. Their main goal is struggle for the rights of minorities in Kosovo, especially the rights of Ashkali.
Coalition Vakat (Koalicija Vakat)
It is a Bosniak political party in Kosovo. At the legislative elections held on 24 October 2004, the party won 0.7 % of the popular vote and 3 out of 120 seats.
Independent Liberal Party
Politic Party of Kosovo Serbs, trying to establish relationship with Kosovo institutions. The party is ready to "become involved in elections and institutions, and we want, together with the Albanian majority, to find solutions that will be beneficial for the people in Kosovo" .Here is the cite of its founder and president Slobodan Petrovic about basic principles of the party: Survival of the Serbs in Kosovo, no matter what Kosovo's status turns out to be; improvement of the living conditions for all in Kosovo, which would be a condition for the real return of the people who are outside the territory of Kosovo against their own will; and we stand for a multiethnic Kosovo: we do not assess people on a national basis but on the basis of what they can do
Serb Democratic Party of Kosovo and Metohija
The president of the party is Slavisa Petkovic. The party is involved in Kosovo elections and institutions. Petkovic was the only Serbian minister in Kosovo government.
It is a Serbian political party in Kosovo. It was founded on 11 July 2007 by Branislav Grbic.Its priorities are minority and social rights, economic issues and democratic interests.
Civic Initiative of Gora
This is a Gorani (ethnic minority in Kosovo) political party in Kosovo.In the legislative elections on 24 October 2004, the party won 0.2% of the popular vote and 1 out of 120 seats. They successfully defended that seat at the 2007 election, which preceded the disputed 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.
Serbian List for Kosovo and Metohija
It is a Serbian political party in Kosovo. At the last legislative elections, 24 October 2004, the party won 0.2% of the popular vote and 8 out of 120 seats. In the Assembly of Kosovo 10 seats are reserved for ethnic Serbian politicians. Despite the low number of votes - due to a low Serbian turnout - the Serbian List is one of the main parliamentary parties in Kosovo.
New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo (Iniciativa e re Demokrarike e Kosovës)
It is a political party in Kosovo. It represents the Egyptian ethnic minority. At the last legislative elections, October 24, 2004 the party won 0.4 percent of the popular vote and two out of 120 seats.
United Roma Party of Kosovo (Partia Rome e Bashkuar e Kosovës)
This is a political party in Kosovo. It represents Roma ethnic minority. At the last legislative elections, 24 October 2004, the party won 0.2 % of the popular vote and 1 out of 200 seats.
Please indicate the position of political parties in relation to each other on a 10 point left-right scale:
A note: there is much more information about Albanian parties in Kosovo than Serbian (and other minorities).
Serbian parties in the list are very small and these are the only parties that were involved in election and ready to cooperate with Kosovo institutions. Much bigger Serbian parties exist in Kosovo, but they do not want to be involved in Kosovo elections and isntitutuions, since they don't recognize Kosovo as independent country.
Please indicate the party size for each political party, by providing each party's share of the vote in the last national legislative election.
Of the ten seats reserved for the Serbs, six were won by four parties which decided to form a coalition on 2007-12-05:  Slavisa Petkovic's Serb Democratic Party of Kosovo and Metohija, Dragisa Miric's Serb Kosovo-Metohija Party, Mihajl scepanovic's Serb People's Party and Nebojsa Zivic's Union of Independent Social Democrats of Kosovo and Metohija.
For more elaborate information and/or country specific tables please see section 'Other documentation' in the Method Report.